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China Giant Panda
Giant Panda
China Information - China Giand Panda

Giant Panda-the National Treasure

High in dense bamboo forests in the misty, rainy mountains of southwestern China lives one of the world's rarest mammals: the giant panda,
also called the panda. The word "Panda" in Chinese literally means "bear cat". Everybody will be deeply impressed by its appearance: black and
white fur and funny behaviour. Giant Panda normally weighs up to 140kg and is about 4.5 to 5 feet long with 5-inch long tail.

Pandas eat fast, they eat a lot, and they spend about 12 hours a day doing it. The reason: They digest only about a fifth of what they eat. Overall,
bamboo is not very nutritious. The shoots and leaves are the most valuable parts of the plants, so that's what a well-fed panda concentrates on
eating. To stay healthy, they have to eat a lot --- up to 15 percent of their body weight in 12 hours --- so they eat fast.

Pandas seldom mate, that is a major reason why the population of panda has declined. But if they do, they mate from March to May, and about
150 days later, from August to October, a mother panda will give birth to one or two cubs, occasionally it might have three. If a mother panda
gives more than one birth at a time, she chooses on cub to raise because it might be very difficult for her to raise two. A newborn baby panda is
as small as a rat while its tail takes one-third of its whole body. One month later, the panda can stand up. Five month later, the mother panda will
teach her baby to climb trees. Baby animals are very clever: they learn the skill quickly after a few trails.

However, tragically, since 1876, the year when pandas were first accidentally discovered in modern times by a Frenchman in Sichuan Province,
the number of pandas gradually decreased. Statistics show that China now has only about 1,000 giant pandas living in the wild and about 100
living in captivity.

The giant panda is one of the rarest animals in the world, and it is considered as one of China's National Treasure. Special laws have been
issued and tough measure taken to protect giant pandas.


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