Home Transportation What's New? About Us Contact Us Sitemap

Beijing Opera
Beijing Opera and Facial Makeup
Beijing Opera,Facial Makeup
China Information - China Folk Culture and Art
Beijing Opera and Facial Makeup

Beijing Opera

Beijing Opera, a major Chinese theatrical form, enjoys great popularity both at home and abroad. To many foreign theatergoers, it is almost
synonymous with China's classical theatre. Beijing Opera is, indeed, the most representative of all Chinese traditional dramatic art forms.
Peking opera of China is a national treasure with a history of 200 years. In the 55th year of the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty
(1790), the four big Huiban opera Troupes entered the capital and combined with Kunqu opera, Yiyang opera, Hanju opera and Luantan in
Beijing's theatrical circle of the time. Through a period of more than half a century of combination and integration of various kinds of opera there
evolved the present Peking opera, the biggest kind of opera in China, whose richness of repertoire, great number of artists of performance and of
audiences, and profound influence are incomparable in China.

Beijing is an ingenious combination of elements from many sources: traditional Chinese music, poetry, singing, recitation, dancing, acrobatics
and martial arts, all blended into one great theatrical art to represent a story or depict different characters and their feelings of gladness, anger,
sorrow, happiness, surprise, fear and sadness. In Peking opera there are four main types of roles: sheng (male), dan (young female), jing
(painted face, male), and chou (clown, male or female). The characters may be loyal or treacherous, beautiful or ugly, good or bad, their images
being vividly manifested.

Since Mei Lanfang, the grand master of Peking opera, visited Japan in 1919, Peking opera has become more and more popular with people all
over the world, and it has made an excellent contribution to cultural exchange between China and the West, to friendly association and to
improvement of solidarity.

Facial Makeup of Beijing Opera

The facial makeup is a special design on the face of Beijing opera actors and actresses. It is characterized by exquisite patterns of bright colors
and fine, smooth lines applied by painting with brush and rubbing by hand to achieve artistic exaggeration. The colorful, varied patterns for the
painted face roles show the noble and humble, the beautiful and ugly, the good and evil, and the loyal and treacherous. They are in sharp contrast
with the plain, neat facial designs of the sheng (the male) and dan (the female) roles, thus producing a strong aesthetic effect, different roles in
Beijing opera-sheng, dan, jing (the male with a painted face), and chou (the clown)-have different facial makeups.


Elite China Travel
Elite China Travel
Copyright© Elite China International Travel Service( ECITS ), 2018 All Rights Reserved
Tel:(+86)10 8446-6033 / 8446-6213 / 8446-6032 ext .801,802 ,803 Fax:(+86)10 8446-6212