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China Information - China Geography

Geography  

China, (People's Republic of China), is situated in eastern Asia, bounded by the Pacific in the east. The third largest country in the world, next to
Canada and Russia, it has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers, or one-fifteenth of the world's land mass. It begins from the confluence of
the Heilong and Wusuli rivers (135 degrees and 5 minutes east longitude) in the east to the Pamirs west of Wuqia County in Xinjiang Uygur
Autonomous Region (73 degrees and 40 minutes east longitude) in the west, about 5,200 kilometers apart; and from the midstream of the
Heilong River north of Mohe (53 degrees and 31 minutes north latitude) in the north to the southernmost island Zengmu'ansha in the South
China Sea (4 degrees and 15 minutes north latitude), about 5,500 kilometers apart.
The land boundary exceeds 20 000 kilometers in length bordering the Democratic People' s Republic of Korea in the east; Vietnam, Laos and
Myanmar(Burma)in the south; India, Bhutan, Sikkim and Nepal in the southwest; Pakistan and Afganistan toward the west; Russia, Kazakstan,
Kirghizia and Tajikstan toward the northwest and Mongolia toward the north. China faces Japan across the Yellow Sea, and looks toward the
Philippines beyond the South China Sea. The coastline extends well over 18,000 kilometers, washed by the waters of the Bohai, the Huanghai,
the East China and the South China seas. The Bohai Sea is the inland sea of China. There are 6,536 islands larger than 500 square meters,
the largest is Taiwan, with a total area of about 36,000 square kilometers,
and the second, Hainan. The South China Sea Islands are the southernmost island group of China.

 
 
 


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