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West Lake

West Lake

West Lake The West Lake derives its name from the fact that it locates west of Hangzhou city. Over hundreds of years,
it changed from a bay to a lagoon, and then, before Tang Dynasty (618-907), to a completely inland lake.
During the ensuing Song (960-1279), Yuan (1206-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911)
dynasties, the lake underwent repeated building and repairs. By the end of 20th century, it had grown to an
area of five to six square kilometers. In the 21st century, work began on the rebuilding of the Duke Yang
Causeway, increasing the lake surface area to 6.5 square kilometers and its depth from 1.65 meters to
2.27 meters.

The lake is divided by Gu Shan (Solitary Hill), Bai, Su and Yanggong Causeways into five areas. Ordered by
their areas, they are Outer West Lake, West Inner Lake, North Inner Lake, Little South Lake and Yue Lake.
"Outside West Lake" is the largest. "Gu Shan" is the largest natural island in the lake. Su & Bai Causeways run cross the lake. Three small man-
built islands, "Xiao Ying Zhou" "Hu Xing Ting", "Ruan Gong Dun", lie in the center of Outside West Lake. Thus, the basic layout is "one hill, two
causeways, three islands, and five lakes".

West Lake is not only famous for its picturesque landscape, it is also associated with many scholars, national heroes and revolutionary martyrs,
thus embracing abundant cultural deposits. In addition, many ancient buildings, stone caves and engraved tablets in surrounding areas are
among the most cherished national treasures of China, with significant artistic values.

West Lake West Lake is famous for “Ten Scenes of the West Lake”:
Spring Dawn at Sudi Causeway
Melting Snow at Broken Bridge
Sunset Glow over Leifeng Hill
Lotus in the Breeze at Crooked Courtyard
Listening to Orioles Singing in the Willows
Evening Bell at Nanping Hill
Three Pools Mirroring the Moon
Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds
Viewing Fish and Lotus Ponds at Flower Harbor
Autumn Moon on Calm Lake (a lakeside park at the west end of the Bai Causeway)



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