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Banpo Village Remains Museum

Banpo Village Remains Museum

Banpo Village Remains MuseumBanpo Ruins is a typical Yellow River Basin of the Yangshao culture matriarchal clan Neolithic settlement
sites, since between 5600-6700. The spring of 1953 found the site, the site of 50,000 square meters. From
September 1954 to the summer of 1957, the Archaeological Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
organized archaeological nearly 200 workers, after excavations five times, that lasted for nearly four years,
exposing the site area of 10,000 square meters, access to a lot of valuable scientific information. Housing
remains were found in 45, column 2 laps, Jiaoxue more than 200, pottery kiln six, all burials 250 (of which 174
adult burials, child care jar coffin 73), as well as production tools and appliances, about 10,000 life cultural
relics.


The Yangshao Culture belonged to China's Neolithic Age. It was named after the Yangshao Village which was discovered in Mianchi County,
Henan Province in 1921. The culture was located mainly in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River Valley. Production tools, such as the
knife, axe, daze and chisel, were mostly made of stone by means of grinding and polishing. There were also chipped stone implements and bone
objects as well. Pottery utensils for daily use wee chiefly made from refined terra-cotta and red sandy clay. Some objects of refined terra-cotta were
decorated with zoomorphic and geometric designs. Agriculture dominated the economic life of that age, while fishing and domestic animal rearing
came second. All these finds give evidence to the fact that matriarchal clan communities came to their prime. With so many pieces of painted
pottery, Yangshao Culture is also known as the Painted Pottery Culture.

It is claimed that the residents of this ancient village lived in a matriarchal community where the women organized everything from the hunting and
Banpo Village Remains Museum farming to the building of the village and digging the defensive moats that protected the well-planned
community. Other relics uncovered at the site include examples of the pottery of this era and over 10,000
tools and household utensils.

Visitors today can see the remains of 45 houses, 2 stables, more than 200 cellars, 6 kilns, and about 250
graves. The houses were constructed of thatch over wood beams while the floors were sunk two to three feet
into the ground. Heat was provided by a central fire. Food was stored in underground caves, dug deep
enough to protect the provisions from being devoured by wildlife or contaminated by insects. Architecture,
village organization, and food storage methods appear to have been strikingly similar to the way of life of
some native American plains tribes.

 

 
 


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