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Brief Introduction


LhasaTibet Autonomous Region, covering an area of 1,220,000 square kilometers, is located in the
southwestern part of China, and in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. It adjoins to Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region, Qinghai, Sichuan, and Yunnan provinces, and is contiguous to Myanmar,
India, Bhutan, Nepal, and Kashmir area in the south and west. It has jurisdiction over six prefectures,
namely, Lhoka, Nyingchi, Ngari, Xigaze, Nagqu and Qamdo; one city, namely, Lhasa; and 71 counties.
People of Tibetan nationality are the main residents, accounting for over 92.2% of the whole population.
The vertical variation of climate in Tibet is remarkable, and the temperature varies greatly between day
and night. North Tibetan plateau is dry and cold, and has low temperature, long sunshine time with
intense radiation, little rainfall, and low air density.
Its magnificent scenery of high plateau, splendid ancient monasteries and temples, and long history
and culture make people yearn for; the local conditions and social customs on the snow-capped plateau, the unique manners and tradition, the
festival, even the clothing, food, housing and transportation, all make it an eternal charm and the mysterious attraction.


Culture and Art


Tibetan culture runs a long course from a remote source, with rich ethnical and regional characteristic. Tibetan Buddhism plays a very important
role in Tibetan culture .It is the widespread religious belief in Tibetan nationality.
The most representative words in Tibetan art are painting and sculpture. The drawing arts are expressed by stone carvings, painted murals, and
thangkas. The contents are related to various fields including religion, politics, history, economy, culture, Tibetan medicine and the social life. The
sculptural arts are expressed by different materials like stone, wood, copper, clay, bone, and butter. Among them, the stone sculpture is the most
popular one .Besides, Tibetan folk literature, drama, music, dancing, and quyi also feature largely in Tibetan arts.

Folk Customs

Tibet Folk Customs
Under the unique cultural context, Tibetan people have their own manners and customs. Religion
plays a very important role in Tibet. Almost all Tibetan people believe in Buddhism which leads to
the unique life style on marriage, etiquette, diet, taboo, etc. Travellers are recommended to learn
some customs, especially taboos when they visit Tibet. Certainly our tourist guide will explain the
matters needing attention, and remind you timely of respecting local etiquette and customs.

Delicacies


Tibetan diet has close relationship with plateau climate, local products, religion, and customs.
The butter tea is the traditional drink. Local people cannot live without the tea. The mellow barley
wine is Tibetan’s favorite. The first important traditional food here is tsamba cake. There are also
some staples with unique flavor, like Tibetan noodle ,steamed stuffed bun, mou-mou (steamed
bread),etc. Tibet is rich in meats. Beef and mutton are both staple and non-staple. The principal
cuisine in Tibet includes Tibetan style and Sichuan style .Some restaurants also serve dishes of
Nepal and India. Tibetan food tastes light and mild, no strong and hot seasonings, With proper
seasonings of salt, Chinese onion, and garlic, the Tibetan food reflects the natural diet culture.

 

Festivals and Celebrations


Festivals and Celebrations in TibetTibetan New Year

On January 1st of Tibetan calendar, in February or March of Gregourian calendar. Starting in the early
December, people prepare for this most important festival of the year. In that morning, people get up
early, and dress in their best. Men and women pray for a healthy and fortunate life for each other. During
next several days, people either fully enjoy the happy time ,singing and dancing, or visit relatives and
friends, drinking freely and celebrating the festival together, or go to the monasteries nearby to worship
the gods. Everybody is immersed in joyful festival atmosphere.

Lhasa Shoton Festival

On July 1st of Tibetan calendar, in August of Gregorian calendar. In tradition, on that day, after experiencing the ascetic practices, monks and
nuns will be welcomed by their family members who take along with the cheese, singing and dancing. Shoton means “the yogurt feast”. There
are joint performances of Tibetan drama and Buddha painting displaying rite during the holidays.

Butter lamp day

Butter lamp day is on January 15th of Tibetan calendar. Monks from different monasteries and folk artists make all kinds of flowers and trees
with colored butter, and hang them on the prepared scaffoldings near the Jokhang Monastery. When night falls, thousands of butter lamps are
lightened. People come over to view lamps, singing and dancing under the light. The displays last all night until dawn.

Major Festivals in Tibet

Area

Festival

Date

Lhasa

Tibetan New Year

the 1st day of the 1st month of the Tibetan calendar (Feb. or Mar.)

Festival of Worshipping the Mountains

the 4th day of the 6th month of the Tibetan calendar

Lhasa Shoton Festival

the 1st day of the 7th month of the Tibetan calendar(Aug.)

Butter Lamp Festival

the 25th day of the 10th month of the Tibetan calendar

Xigaze

Xigatze Mt .Qomolangmal
Cultural Festival

The end of Sep. or the beginning of Oct.

Lhoka

Yarlung Cultural Festival

Jul.25th-27th

Nyingchi

Azalea Tourist Festival

Jun.

Nagqu

Changtang Charqen Horse Race

Aug.10th

Festival of the ritual walk around Namco

The 4th day of the 6th month of the Tibetan calendar

Ngari

Festival of the ritual walk
Around Kangdese Shan

May 24th-Aug.31st

Qamdo

Kamba Art Festival

Oct.1st




 
 


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